Teaching in Saudi Arabia

When I took the CELTA and dared to dream of the many foreign lands I would travel to with my qualification, Saudi Arabia was not on the top of that list. In fact, it wasn’t even in the top ten. That was over three years ago, and still I live in this hot, sandy and conservative country. I’m sure you know about the financial benefits, but what else is there? Why did I stay?

Well, for a start; Saudi is not for everyone. I have seen handfuls of young men and women who have come here and left soon after, or been miserable because they either had misinformed expectations of Saudi Arabia, or had read ‘tax-free’ rather than ‘conservative home of Islam’.

Saudi is an unusual country – It is oil rich and very conservative. It is a ‘dry’ country, without alcohol. Also the two sexes are completely segregated, so there is very little interaction with the opposite sex, unless you live on a western compound (of which there are lots). And dating is forbidden. And what about those extremists – they live here, don’t they?  Wow, still feel like applying?

Well, that picture is inaccurate. Dating and social interaction with the opposite sex is forbidden, but the expat population is large and lively, and if you do not end up living on a compound it is only a matter of time before you will meet someone who does and who invites you to socialise there. OK, so it’s not Phuket, but, if you want to socialise, with westerners or the locals, then you can and if you want a quiet life, then you can do that too. The people here are lovely and hospitable whatever your religious persuasion, there is sun all year round, and there are plenty of places to go and things to do if you are inclined to seek them out.


Institutions in Saudi Arabia put a lot of stock by qualifications rather than experience, and usually the Saudi company which sponsors the employees requires at least a BA (in any subject) and a recognised teaching certificate such as a CELTA or Trinity TESOL.

Finding a job

There are no shortage of jobs in the Kingdom; just look at any of the major TEFL websites:




I would advise doing a bit of background reading on any offers you get, for example checking out some blogs or forums. The process from application to being flown out can be very quick, for me it was about three weeks between first contact and landing in Saudi. There is a large youth population here, and a growing need to take part in the world-wide community, so there is a thirst for English, and therefore for English teachers.

Mostly, the jobs will be for colleges and universities, or working with workers who need English for the workplace. Expect to receive between 11,000 – 20,000 SAR a month (about £1,850 – £3,350). This salary often comes with added benefits such as housing and medical insurance, and is always tax-free.

Working Conditions

The working conditions can vary greatly, Saudi is a rich country but that money doesn’t find its way everywhere. It is a land of contrasts and contradictions – Filthy rich and extremely conservative. In love with technology but desperate to keep hold of its traditions. Don’t be surprised to see state-of the-art technology, sat in its box in the corner of room because no one knows how to set it up, and plenty of computers, but restricted access to sites.

In general I have been treated very well in the workplace and have received my money, and bonus, as contractually promised, on time for three years. As with many other EFL companies all around the world; there are horror stories too, but these seem to be few are far between here.

Obtaining residency and opening a bank account

Your company will take care of all of this. It may be a slow process, and you may have to be flown into Bahrain first, where you will be processed and go though a medical exam and get your visa. Once in, the process of applying for the ‘iqarma’ (the residency card) will begin. Once you have the iqarma, you will be able to open a bank account and register for services such as internet and SIM cards. While you await the iqarma you will still be able to use the internet and get  a SIM card, just you will not not be able to get a long-term contract with the operators.

Where to live

There are three main hubs in Saudi; the east, the centre and the west. In the east (where I live) you have Dammam, Khobar and Al-Ahsa, all of which are close to Dammam international airport and a short drive to Bahrain should you want a weekend away in a more open country with drinking and nightclubs. In this area there is the massive oil company Aramco which hires English teachers, often through contractors and probably have some of the best benefits you will find in the world. I have spoken to recruiters of packages at close to 100,000 US$.

In the centre you have Riyadh, the capital city, and like most capitals it has a large selection of restaurants, parks, coffee shops and as with most big cities, is crowded and a nightmare for traffic! The people here are more conservative than on the coasts but you still see a big mix of nationalities. It is in Riyadh that there are the most universities and less oil companies so here you are more likely to find a position in a more academic environment.

In the west is Jeddah; perhaps the most open part of Saudi. Jeddah has many things going for it including being on the Red Sea, which is great for divers and also has great private beaches, historic architecture, and a good selection of restaurants. Again, not many oil companies here (as far as I know), but lots of choice of colleges, English programs and universities to work for.

Life in Saudi

I cannot exaggerate how friendly and hospitable the people of Saudi Arabia are. As I write this I have been interrupted by a former student bringing round gifts for the teachers and admin staff with his smiling niece. Don’t be surprised to be stopped in the street and asked where you come from and which football team you support, or to be embarrassed at how often you have to turn down invitations to student’s houses. And if you do go to meet them for lunch (and you must eventually), you will not be able to pay for it. Students will think nothing of getting your watch fixed for you (as happened to me), taking your computer and fixing it (as has just happened to my colleague), or driving to you the nearest airport, 200 miles away in the middle of the night. I heard recently ‘for westerners, time is something to steal, for Arabs, it’s something to share’.

So, is it all great? No, it’s difficult at times. Although the people are extremely kind, it is difficult to integrate into local community, and sometimes the kindness from students is not unconditional – they may be surprised if you don’t increase their grades. The weather is less hospitable than the people – expect cold winters and oven-heat (50 degrees plus) in the summer, dust storms and flash floods. And the food? If you like chicken and rice or rice and chicken then you will be happy!

The biggest problem for me in this country is the bureaucracy; applying for work visas, bringing family across and getting the visa to travel in and out of the country. But, even in the time I have been here, these processes have got far easier.

The key here is to expect things to take a long time. Do not plan to come across and bring your husband or wife across within a few weeks. Assume there will be delays and problems with paperwork, because invariably there are.

What else is there?

Saudi is large country and in the north and south has many small cities and towns which are worth visiting, such as Tabuk and Abaa. There is also the historic Mad’in Saleh (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mada’in_Saleh), similar to Petra, but without the tourists.

There are plenty of traditional souqs and shopping malls, if shopping is your thing. But, if you prefer more active pursuits, then there are water sports on the coasts and football in between.

Where I live, in Al-Ahsa there are caves which are great for exploring, historic forts, and more date trees than anywhere else on the planet

In conclusion

Saudi Arabia is not for everyone’s taste, I would suggest that it is for those who want to make a good tax-free salary, but are comfortable with a quiet and peaceful life. I am often reminded of Rudyard Kipling’s line ‘if you can wait, and not be tired by waiting’. Last week my friend told me Saudi requires ‘patience and flexibility’, he is right. Expect to have time on your hands, and expect a slow pace to life. I have been able to complete a master’s while being here, my neighbour has learnt to play the guitar, another has learnt Arabic. It is good for single people but maybe not for those who are looking to meet someone in a romantic sense. Perhaps contrary to most people’s intuition – it is a great place for families; there is virtually no crime and families are treated very well.

When I arrived in KSA, three years ago, my boss then met me at the airport and he gave me some advice, he said “You will not change Saudi, but it will change you”, and he was right, it has changed me, for the better. Personally, I came for the money, I stayed for the people.

By Richard Fielden-Watkinson

Images by Richard Fielden-Watkinson

If you have any questions for Richard or also have experience teaching English in Saudi Arabia and would like to add some additional advice for prospective teachers please leave your reply in the comments section at the bottom of the page.

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28 comments on “Going to the desert – life as an English teacher in Saudi Arabia

  1. Mark

    Hiya Richard,

    I have a B.A English, 120hr TEFL and UK passport (born and bred), with over 13 years overseas experience.

    The problem is that my B.A was taken in Thailand. It was an accredited full time 4 year degree with no online components.

    Would Saudi accept my degree?

    Many Thanks

  2. Pauline Jubber

    Hi. I have been doing live in care for the past 7 years and am now a highly qualified carer in the UK. I have just completed the tefl5cambridge course which I am waiting to be accredited. I am 54 years old with mountains of energy and positivity. How can I apply to work in Saudi? Thank u for your help. Pauline

  3. Robert Sundstrom

    Hi Richard,

    First of all thanks for this post, I found it helpful and encouraging as someone who wants to work in Saudi Arabia.

    I know that you’ve been answering a lot of questions from people that are unsure about their qualifications, so I hope that this doesn’t feel too repetitive, but I’m a little confused about something and I was hoping you could help me out. Recently online people have been very negative about what it’s like to try to get a job teaching English in Saudi Arabia. The ads I’ve seen seem to require two or more years of experience, CELTA, and an MA or BA in a relevant field, and they seem very strict about these requirements. I’ve met some people from the Middle East, and a couple specifically from KSA, that have said that it’s not really that hard to get a position, but on reddit and on other online forums people seem to be saying that companies really are very picky about who they hire and that it’s getting more difficult to find work unless you’re highly qualified.

    My wife and I hoping to go to Saudi Arabia this September. I have a BA in philosophy and my wife has a BA and MA in international development (so, not ESL-relevant degrees), we both have a TEFL course, and by September we’ll have a year and a half of ESL teaching experience. This isn’t much considering the requirements we’ve seen on job ads. Do you think that in 2018 it’s still likely that we could get positions? We’re not hoping for high-paying university positions or anything, just something to get our foot in the door, but even that is feeling less and less hopeful as we look through ads…

  4. Sami (Ethiopian King)

    Hi Richard, thank you for a most interesting and informative piece on living and working as an English teacher in Saudi Arabia. I thoroughly enjoyed reading your article. Recently, I have applied for work at several Saudi universities. I have an interview here at home in London (next week 21st February) with a Saudi university. Previously, I have worked at an Omani university for three years. In the UK, I have taught at: the University of Dundee, the University of Northampton, the University of Surrey, the University of East London and at the University of Greenwich. In addition, I taught at the City University of New York for three years. I have also taught GCSE English Language and A level English in the further education sector in London. My qualifications are as follow: CELTA, PGCE (Post-secondary), MA English Literature, BA History and AA English Language. I will pursue an MSc TESOL (online) degree with the University of Sterling in September, 2018.
    With my qualifications and many years of teaching, what is a reasonable salary I should/could ask for or expect to receive at a reputable Saudi university? Cheers!

  5. Mr. Anonymous Prime

    Hi Richard,

    Thank you for this website. I need some help. I have just been offered a job by Al Khaleej in Riyadh. However, I have a very IMPORTANT question: how big are the class sizes?

    I’m asking because I had a leg injury many years ago and now it’s already healed but the doctor told me to never take a job where I have to be standing all day long and I have followed those instructions. I am afraid to bring this up to my company since I think they might retract their job offer if I tell them about this condition. They might not believe that it has healed.

    When I taught in the past, I was always sitting down. But I know some of my colleagues had to teach in auditorium-style classrooms and there’s no way I can have a job where I have to be standing all day long every single day.

    If you can help me with this information, it would help me SOOOO MUCH! Even if it’s general information on your own experience and the experience of your colleagues. Are you guys usually on your feet giving lectures or you’re all sitting down having group discussions?

    Thank you in advance!

    Mr. Anonymous Prime 🙂

  6. John R.

    Thank you for your very interesting account of life in Saudi Arabia. A friend of mine recently went to teach in Riyadh (Ar-Riyadh, not Al-Riyadh,as my friend thought). He had been living here in South Korea for many years, and decided to leave. He has worked in Kuwait, so culture shock will be less of an issue for him.
    I have thought about joining him, I am from the UK and I have loads of teaching experience. BUT I worry about culture shock and stuff like that, and whether I would fit in or find the teaching a lot harder than here in Korea. But more money would be really welcome! A guy wanted to hire me for a position in Saudi Arabia before, but I said no. Am I right in thinking I need to do more research on the country?

    1. Richard Fielden-Watkinson Post author

      Hi John,

      It is true that having worked in Kuwait would prepare someone slightly for Saudi Arabia and I think it is right to expect a degree of culture shock. But, although I haven’t travelled to the far East so can’t compare it first hand — I have heard that it is a much greater culture shock in the likes of China and South Korea. Yes, Saudi is different but it is also quite westernised in many ways. I had visited Saudi prior to moving there but for me it was a fairly smooth transition.

      Good luck!

  7. Alimah Begum

    Hi Richard.

    I am British born and bred.
    I have a masters in law and my BA was in law as well. I have 3 kids and have been out of work for the last couple of years to look after them. But I did work at a bank for 7 years prior.

    I am thinking of doing a TEFL course and then taking up employment in Saudi. The Saudi culture is perfect for me. As I like the quiet life and I practice Islam etc.

    I have just starting researching this stuff. What chances do I have Getting employment there as I have seen they need people with experience?
    Also I am reluctant to travel without my husband and kids. Is there any way round that? Instead of waiting for their visa I mean go altogether.

    1. Richard Fielden-Watkinson Post author

      Hi Alimah,

      In my experience Saudi was a great place for families, and it sounds like you would be well suited to it.

      In regards to the visas, I think you may need to travel across by yourself then apply for the family visa from there, which could take a month or so. I think the best thing to do would be to set up some interviews and make it a priority question. Employers realise how important it is to have your family close by.

      Hope this helps,


  8. Paula

    Hi Richard
    I loved your article. I have a question regarding actual teaching. Although I have a Montessori dip, BA in English and Philosophy, MA in screenwriting and a Tefl – which is nearly two years old, I have v little experience. Getting up in front of a class seems daunting and especially if observed. How strict are schools re teaching methods? Will you be given time to get into teaching mode? And where would you think I could get a job with my qualifications? Thanks Richard

    1. Richard Fielden-Watkinson Post author

      Hi Paula,

      Thank you for your comments.

      Since you have a BA and a TEFL qualification, I imagine you will be able to find a position. There is a wide variety of companies to work for in KSA so it’s difficult for me to give you precise advice but in my experience I was given enough time to get accustomed to the college where I taught, and I get supported by my supervisor. I was able to spend the first couple of days observing other teachers. I think this is something you should bring up with the interviewer.

      In regards to standing up and teaching — it’s not easy, is it!? But, I think most teachers struggle with that, some all of thier careers. The trick is throwing yourself into it and making a connection with your students. Think about them, not so much yourself, and this will help you be less self-conscious.

      I hope this helps.

      Good luck!


  9. Izzy

    Would you be willing to disclose the recruiting company you went through and school you work for (private email works too)? I have Bachelors degree in an unrelated subject, TEFL and teaching experience, and it will be harder to find companies to sponsor me I think. Thanks.

  10. Stephen

    Hi Richard loved your article and glad your doing so well over there. I of course have a question. I have a BA as well as an MA in music education and I did a full year TEFL course as my elective in college. I have no English teaching experience but have twenty years teaching experience in music both instrumental teaching and general music education in music schools and privately. What are my chances of securing a TEFL teaching position in Saudia Arabia? Also I am 46. Thanks in advance Richard and best wishes.

  11. Melissa

    Hi! Great article.. I will be graduating with my Masters in a few months and I am hoping to move to KSA. Do you think it would be possible to teach without a Celta but with a masters? I have some experience teaching but it was not teaching English.. Thank you in advance!



      Hi Melissa, apologies for the slow response, I just saw your message!

      I would be interested to know how you have got in the months between you posting and now?

      My experience is that employers will almost always look for a teaching qualification of some kind. I’d recommend the CELTA because it’s a good course and well considered all around the globe!



  12. Peter Hunt


    I have a Bachelor Arts degree (4 years with a half-Major in English)from a well-regarded University in Canada;a half-finished M.A.from one of the top-ranked National Liberal Arts universities in the U.S.; and completed almost all of the coursework for a second B.A.(Hons)from another well-regarded Canadian University. With regard to a T.E.S.O.L. Certificate, mine (forty hours)is from an online school in Chcago, Illinois, U.S.A. I have taught EFL and Business English at colleges and at multinational corporations in South Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam and in China. With this information as a backdrop, do you think that I could gain good job offers from the likes of an upper-tier uni or an oil company? Last, for what it’s worth, I’m an amateur scholar of Islam and Arabic cultures and have shared houses and flats with Muslims from Niger, Pakistan, and other predominantly Muslim nations. I thus feel that I’d be able to adapt to Society there in a reasonably short period of time as I’m fascinated by its history. I have excellent references from Canadian and Ameican academic advisors, and my former employers in South Korea and Canada have given me top-notch references as well. Do I stand a chance at getting a decent job in Saudi Arabia?

    Thank you for your assistance, and I certainly look forward to your reply.

    Mr. Peter F. Hunt
    E-mail: phunt65@hotmail.com

  13. Omar Ahmad

    Hi Richard,

    Thank you for this very informative article. I’m planning to take the CELTA course as soon as I can afford it. I have a BA and Masters in English Literature from King’s College London. But I wouldn’t want to gain teaching experience in the UK with CELTA first – I’d like to move to Saudi ASAP, although I have about 1 year of freelance tutoring experience in English Lit. What are the chances of me being offered a contract? Thanks once again!


  14. Al

    Hi Richard,

    You’ve written a very encouraging piece. And as I am considering returning to teach ESL in KSA, I would appreciate some advice. May I private message you? Thanks.

    Best wishes,


  15. Bilal

    Hey Richard,

    i really loved reading your article. Thanks for taking to time out to share such a detailed account of your experience in Saudi!

    I’m also thinking of applying to Saudi Arabia, and have also finished completing my CELTA with an unrelated bachelors. I was born in Canada, but I’m having trouble finding jobs in Saudi Arabia that don’t require many years of experience. Do you think it would be a good idea to go to Saudi Arabia personally to look for jobs? If you could maybe send some emails of recruiters for positions, I would appreciate that.

    All the best,

  16. Mo

    Hi, Richard

    May I start of by saying, I absolutly loved your article. It’s fantastic to hear you have had a positive experience and hopefully encourage more people to open up to the prospects of teaching in KSA. I myself will be looking for employement in KSA in the near future. When you first started there, where you put into the deep end in front of students and were asked to teach or did they phase you in?

    many thanks

    1. Richard

      Hi Mo,

      Thanks for the kind words, I’m glad you enjoyed the post.

      In my case I was given a day to observe classes before being asked to teach, which I was happy with because I was keen to get to know the students.



  17. Jo

    Hello Richard,

    Thank you for the useful read. I am considering a teaching job in KSA and would like to have an opportunity to talk through a few things with you. May I private message you, please?

    Kind regards,


  18. Tom Gamble

    Hi Richard,

    Thanks for the extremely post. I have a degree and the CELTA and am looking to find a teaching job overseas later this year. I’ve looked at a lot of job ads for Saudi Arabia but they all seem to require one or two years of experience. Do you know if this is actually the case? Are there many positions available for newly qualified English teachers? It seems like a fascinating place to teach, and the money definitely wouldn’t go astray either! Any advice you can give me would be much appreciated.



    1. Richard Fielden-Watkinson Post author

      Hi Tom and Safiya,

      When I went to Saudi Arabia I had just a CELTA, a Ba in an unrelated subject and less than a year’s experience working, but I was able to get a job easily enough with a good company. Sometimes employers ask for certain qualifications and experience which they can be flexible about, however sometimes the government makes certain stipulations for granting visas. There are many companies and recruiters who are continually looking for CELTA-qualified teachers so there should be no shortage of positions. I recommend contacting some recruiters – you can find their contact details through most of the major websites dedicated to the TEFL world, such as this one. The recruiters will be able to give you a very clear answer about what certain companies require, and how flexible they can be. It’s a good country to be if you don’t need a fast-paced life and are adaptable, and as Tom points out – the money isn’t bad either.

      Good luck to the both of you. If I can help you with anything, please get in touch.



  19. Safiya Mohammed

    Dear Richard
    I would like to thank you for the very useful information about Saudi.

    I have one question if you are able to assist me. I don’t have a degree but I worked as an English teacher. I have Diploma in Teaching in the Life Long Learning sector, I live in Britain and I am currently doing the CELTA course. Is degree compulsory in Saudi?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.

    Kind regards


  20. Kasia

    Hi Richard,

    I just finished my CELTA course two weeks ago. I am thinking of going to Saudi Arabia.

    I am Polish with masters degree in Law with some office and child-minding experience.
    What do you think, do I have a chance to get a job over there?
    Look forward to your replay.

    Thanks a lot, have a nice day!


    1. Richard Fielden-Watkinson Post author

      Hi Kasia,

      Congratulations on completing your CELTA!

      I think that the fact you have a CELTA and a master’s (albeit in law), should stand you in good stead for getting a job in Saudi. The only problem could be if you do not have a passport from an English-speaking country it might be a bit more difficult. Having said that I am quite sure that the company I work for has hired people from Poland. If you want to private message me (speakenglish1@hotmail.co.uk), I will try to put you in touch with someone from the company I work for who may be able to give you more information.




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